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  • Cognitive Exercise for a Healthy Brain

    Managing overall health risks will greatly impact healthy brain maintenance. The importance of physical exercise, diet, cognitive stimulation, social interaction, and sleep will be discussed. In addition, keeping blood pressure in the ideal range of 120/70 mm Hg, controlling cholesterol, maintaining BMI near 25, not smoking, limiting alcohol, and treating depression will  benefit current and future brain health.
  • The Mind Diet and Brain Health

    Most experts believe that the same diet that promotes cardiovascular health will also optimize brain longevity and resistance to disease. By improving blood pressure and blood lipids, lowering blood sugar, reducing sodium intake, and maintaining a healthy weight, the optimal diet will improve both cardiovascular and brain health. In addition, phytonutrients in a brain-healthy diet can reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory brain injury.
    • Sleep Soundly, Restore Your Mind

      Sleep is a period of brain activity that is essential for restorative brain health. It is not only the  duration of sleep that is critical but also obtaining the different components of sleep (non-REM and REM/dreaming sleep). Obtaining adequate sleep is essential for daytime cognitive function and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends that adults sleep at least 7 or more  hours on a regular basis for best health. (1) During sleep, the brain and body restore energy stores. Insufficient sleep is associated with neuroinflammation and the increased production and decreased clearance of toxic proteins (including amyloid and tau, the substances associated  with neurodegeneration and Alzheimer’s Disease). Sleep is essential for attention, learning, and  eliminating information that is not needed. REM/dream sleep is suggested to be essential for  mood regulation.